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    After the crushing of the insurrection by the Russian troops, Chopin leaves for Paris. Its anger towards the French who did not help his people is real.

        In Vienna, it obtains a passport for London, being marked “passing by Paris” what seems to show that Chopin did not have the intention to be established in France.
But at that time, Paris is the capital of the music.

         With the autumn 1831 it settles with 27 boulevard Poissonnière. It is the love at first sight for this city:

“most beautiful of the worlds” writes he in Titus, “Paris answers all the desires”,

  Visualize the residences of Chopin in Paris

       It is presented to Rossini, Chérubini, and in Kalkebrenner, the uncontested pianist of the time, which made him this compliment: 

“You have the style of Cramer and the touch of Field”. 

        Undoubtedly it had not found better compliments. Kalkberenner tries to decipher the concerto as a semi minor, but must give up the difficulty so much it is insurmountable for the time. 

        He announces despite everything in Chopin that it will take him three years of study under his direction, so that he becomes an accomplished artist.
        On this subject, Chopin written with his family: “I will not be a copy of Kalkbrenner”. 

It is supported by his father and his former piano teacher Elsner. “Any imitation is not worth the original”.

Via Kalkbrenner, Chopin becomes acquainted with Pleyel, of which it will defend the mark. 

The piano maker, will provide it in piano until the end of its life. Liszt, Berlioz, Mendelssohn, became his friends.

 


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Liszt

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Berlioz

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Mendelssohn
 

        Here is as of its arrival in Paris the medium which he attends! It is in the Pleyel living rooms that it gives its first concert on February 26, 1832. During the summer, an cholera epidemic strikes Paris and Chopin thinks one moment to set out again.

        At that time, it is invited in the Baron James de Rothschild. It fills with enthusiasm its audience.
Released of the obligation in the concerts, it will give lessons, by beginning with the baroness itself, at a rate of four hours per day.

     By no means grayed by these successes society men, it completes 12 studies C Op 10 dedicated
in Liszt and the 6 night ones of the opus 9 and 15. 

    Its works are quickly diffused abroad. Liszt, Clara Wieck (wife of Schumann) contribute to make known
its works.
 

Clara Schumann
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        Seven books of compositions appear between 1832 and 1835. He says itself: 

“If I were more stupid than I am it I would believe myself in the apogee of my career”. 

He moves with 5 rue de la Chaussée d'Antin, in a vaster and vain apartment, he has a convertible, silk a tie, servants….In short!
This lifestyle enables him to escape the career from virtuoso.

         In eighteen years of Parisian life, it will give only nineteen concerts including only four as a soloist. 

        Chopin has the trac. In Titus, he still writes:

 “Which martyrdom it is for me, during three days, before playing in public”. 

        Having signed a contract with Haslinger in 1832, its works from now on are subjected to criticism in all Europe. It has its defenders, among whom is Schumann and its detractors like Rellstab, critical Berliner celebrates.
De Rellstab, which in a systematic way, criticizes all works of Chopin one will retain this one among all, about the studies; 

“That which has the dislocated fingers will be able to rectify them by playing these Studies, but that which has healthy fingers should be kept some and not there not to touch if it does not have a surgeon in the vicinity. “ 

This criticism, which passed at the time for ironic, figure in comment on the majority of the discs of the Studies of Chopin and undoubtedly today one of favorite publicities of the leader-writers constitutes.


        In November 1832 Chopin finds Berlioz, and by his intermediary meet Alfred de Vigny as well as other less known poets.

        In May 1834, Chopin goes to Aachen with Hiller for the festival of music of the Low-Rhineland where they find Mendelssohn. They leave then all the three for Düsseldorf.

        Of return to Paris, Chopin is in the obligation to make a choice as with its political statute. 

“To remain a honest subject of the tsar, or to become a political emigrant”.

        The paternal councils will not be right of its political convictions, and Frederic will refuse to go to the Russian embassy.
        He becomes by this decision a Polish emigrant and from now on any return in Poland is prohibited to him.
On April 5, 1835, Chopin takes part in a concert in favour of the Polish emigrants in company of Liszt, Hiller, Nourrit and the leader Habeneck.
        During the summer 1835 Chopin precedes his parents in cure in Carlsbad, to make them the surprise: “our joy is indescribable” writes it with his sisters remained in Poland.

        The meeting again are of short duration, three weeks, because Frederic is invited to Dresden, at Wodzinski. It will not re-examine any more his parents.

  Chopin knew well Wodzinski, and their young Marie sister. She is now 19 years old. Brown, lives, with large black eyes, pianist, singer, it is this comrade whom Chopin will re-examine in Dresden. 

He is allured. He likes it. One month passes under the lenient eye of the mother of Marie, and under the reprobatory glance of her uncle. It is necessary to think of leaving.

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Chopin en 1835
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      Right before its departure, it went up to say to him goodbye. It gave him a pink, and Frederic played the waltz that Marie called later " the waltz of the Good-bye ".

Undoubtedly by Chopin decency it forever published.

        On the road of the Chopin return stops in Leipzig, meets Mendelssohn, Clara Wieck and Schumann.
Arrived at Paris, written Chopin with Marie. It is at that time that it composes the ballade in minor Ground, true monument of its love.

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Ballade en Sol mineur, sur le Cd-Rom du site
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          During the winter 1835-1836 Chopin falls ill. Depression, impression left by the death of Bellini, one even says that it spits blood. It will be the first alarm.

In July 1836 it is invited one second time by Wodzinski and feels to weigh the hostility of the uncle still more. He finally asks Marie to marry it and she accepts.

However her mother decides to wait the next summer to officialize engagement.

The continuation is a novel by letters. Some banalities, then little by little Chopin will understand that it lost Marie. The difference of castes, opposition of the uncle, and the return in Poland of the Wodzinski family, will be right of this love!

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Letter from Marie to Chopin


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Chopin accepted this rupture in silence, but on the tickets of Marie, he wrote these two Polish words: “moia biéda”, my misfortune.
He probably never recovered from this wound. One found this package, after his death, tied of a tender favour, with the pink of Dresden.